It’s no secret what happens to your skin when you age. No matter how hard you try to preserve your skin, it inevitably deteriorates. You develop wrinkles, lines, and blemishes. The youthful glow you used to have turns dull, and your skin’s beautiful tone discolors. Not all of this occurs because of simple aging. There are many factors to consider: lifestyle, diet, genetics. In this article I will discuss the various effects of aging on the skin and how you might be able to combat these effects.
The Visible Effects of Aging
Let’s first talk about the various effects that are visibly noticeable on aging skin. One of the most obvious effects is roughening of the skin. You probably remember being a child and feeling a parent’s or a grandparent’s skin and being amazed at how rough their skin was compared to yours. Skin also loses elasticity because of a lack of elastin and collagen. This is why skin hangs loosely, especially in elderly folks. The epidermis (i.e. the surface skin layer) thins as you get older as well, making your skin semi-transparent. This is when veins start to become visible. The other major signs of aging are wrinkles, fine lines, and blemishes.
Aging also includes prolonged exposure to the sun. I include it here because sun damage actually causes the greatest skin changes that people associate with aging. Harmful ultraviolet radiation that the sun produces wrinkles, fine lines, and spots on your skin. The discoloration and irregular pigmentation you notice on your skin is also the results of sun. And unless you never want to go outside again, sun exposure is an inevitable factor in your skin’s aging. That’s why it is important to wear sunscreen and plenty of skin covering while you are still young, to avoid skin damage and potential surgical operations when you get older.
Beyond The Skin
Not all the signs of aging on the skin occur in the skin. Some of them occur underneath the skin. For example, people lose fat under the skin in their head, which causes a loosening of the skin and gives your cheeks that sunken-in look. After the age of 60, bone loss becomes a major factor in the aged look of skin. With less structure, especially in the face, skin sags, droops, and puckers.
Dry And Itchy Skin
At one point or another, everyone experiences dry and itchy skin. This is usually in response to weather, allergies, or some other temporary factor. But the dry and itchy situation becomes chronic the older you get. Part of the reason for this is that most older people spend more time inside, and the air inside is often dryer than the air outside. Oil and sweat glands function less and less the older you get, resulting in all-around dry and itchy skin because isn’t getting the moisture and hydration it needs. Overuse of bath products like soap can also increase skin irritation.