Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD)

What Is ADD/ADHD?

Attention-Deficit Disorder, commonly abbreviated as ADD or ADHD is when a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyper activity interferes with functioning or development. In other words, this disorder shows symptoms of having the inability to focus, loss of concentration, memory loss, hyperactivity and the inability to sit still. Typically, for an individual to qualify as having ADHD,  they have to demonstrate 6 characteristics from a list of potential symptoms. Some of the symptoms include, failing to pay attention to detail, difficultly paying attention, does not listen when spoken to directly, does not follow through with directions or tasks, has difficulty staying organized, easily distracted, often loses things necessary for tasks and talks excessively.  ADHD even shows marked impact on the brain when observed through MRI.

How Is Attention-Deficit Disorder Diagnosed?

Although self-diagnosis can be effective, most people turn to specialists for help. There is no one test that can check for ADD, however a skilled clinician will have the patient take several tests and evaluations to help find the accurate diagnosis. The tests are evaluated on one or more of the ADHD rating scales. Rating scales are essentially questionnaires that are able to find specific symptoms of ADHD that might not show up in an interview. The tests should determine if an individual has ADD and if there are other underlying disorders going on that need addressing. If you think you or someone you know may be struggling with ADHD, a clinical assessment is wise. Self-diagnosis won’t pin point what the root causes are for your specific disorder.

How Many People in the US Have ADHD?

Attention-Deficit Disorder is not an uncommon diagnosis, nor is it a new disorder. In fact, according to the Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 11% of children from ages 4-17 are diagnosed with ADHD every year. The rate has been at a slow incline every year. Approximately 4% of adults in the US are diagnosed every year. In other terms, that is about 14.4 million Americans altogether. If you are struggling with Attention-Deficit Disorder, remember that you are not alone in your journey. There are loads of programs and other remedies that can help you take control of your cognitive functions again.

Is ADHD A Curable Disorder?

Although there is no known cure for ADHD, it is a treatable disorder. Treatment can help the individual regain concentration and control over cognitive function. Often times individuals are treated with stimulant or non-stimulant medications and therapy. Some youth benefit from behavioral modifications. Adderall is often times prescribed for individuals suffering from ADHD. Nootropics help to boost concentration, memory, mental clarity and focus. However, if treatment is interrupted or stopped, symptoms do return. Always talk to your doctor before attempting to treat ADHD on your own terms.

Does Gender Affect ADHD Diagnosis?

Although females are just as likely to develop ADHD as males, studies have shown that women often go undiagnosed due to gender stereotypes. It is also shown that men are more likely to exhibit hyper activity symptoms with ADHD over women. Women that are diagnosed with ADHD was greater emotional turmoil over men because ADHD is seen as a “male” disorder. However, this is not true. Both males and females are just as likely to develop ADHD.

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